Navigating the complexities of tax law can be a daunting task for individuals and businesses alike. In this realm, two types of professionals stand out: tax attorneys and enrolled agents, each playing a unique role in tax management and resolution

Tax attorneys specialize in legal tax matters, offering expertise in areas like tax dispute litigation and criminal tax defense, while enrolled agents, licensed by the federal government, excel in tax preparation, representation, and advisory services. This blog post delves into the pivotal question: While tax attorneys are indispensable in certain legal scenarios, why are many tax issues more effectively and efficiently handled by an enrolled agent? Let’s explore the answer.

What is a Tax Attorney?

A tax attorney is a lawyer who specializes in the complex and technical field of tax law. They are licensed attorneys who have chosen to focus their legal practice on tax-related matters. To become a tax attorney, an individual must earn a law degree and pass a state bar examination, often followed by additional training or certification in tax law.

Tax attorneys are particularly necessary in several specific scenarios:

  1. Legal Tax Disputes: When dealing with disputes against government entities like the IRS, a tax attorney’s expertise in legal procedures and tax legislation becomes invaluable. They are equipped to navigate the intricacies of the law and represent clients in court.
  1. Criminal Tax Evasion Cases: In instances of alleged tax fraud or criminal tax evasion, a tax attorney provides essential legal representation. Their knowledge of criminal law combined with tax law is crucial for defending clients facing serious charges.
  1. Complex Tax Litigation: For intricate tax issues, especially those involving large sums of money or complex corporate tax matters, a tax attorney’s specialized legal skills are often required. They handle cases involving intricate tax transactions, international tax law, and large-scale tax controversies.

In these scenarios, the unique legal expertise and qualifications of a tax attorney are not just beneficial but often necessary to navigate the legal complexities and protect the rights and interests of the clients involved.

What is an Enrolled Agent?

An enrolled agent (EA) is a tax advisor who is a federally-authorized tax practitioner empowered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Enrolled agents earn their credentials by passing a comprehensive examination covering all aspects of the tax code or by having relevant experience as a former IRS employee. This certification allows them to represent taxpayers before the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for tax issues including audits, collections, and appeals.

The scope of services offered by enrolled agents is extensive and includes:

  1. Tax Preparation and Filing: Enrolled agents are well-versed in the complexities of tax law, enabling them to prepare and file taxes accurately for individuals, businesses, and organizations.
  1. Representation in IRS Matters: EAs can represent clients in dealings with the IRS, including audits, collections, and appeals, providing expert guidance and negotiation.
  1. Tax Planning and Advice: They offer strategic advice to minimize tax liabilities and ensure compliance with changing tax laws and regulations.

The advantages of working with an enrolled agent include:

  • Specialization in Tax Codes and Regulations: Enrolled agents specialize exclusively in taxation. They are required to stay updated with the ever-changing tax laws and regulations, making them highly knowledgeable and reliable advisors.
  • Cost-effectiveness: Typically, EAs offer their services at a more affordable rate compared to tax attorneys, providing a cost-effective solution for tax debt resolution, tax preparation and consultation.
  • Ongoing Tax Advisory and Support: Enrolled agents often build long-term relationships with their clients, offering ongoing support for tax planning and future tax-related issues.

Enrolled agents provide a valuable service for those looking for expert tax assistance without the need for the legal representation that a tax attorney provides. Their specialization in tax codes and commitment to cost-effective, ongoing support make them an excellent choice for a wide range of tax-related needs.

Comparing Tax Attorneys and Enrolled Agents


Tax Attorney:

  • Holds a law degree (J.D.) and has passed a state bar exam.
  • May have additional training or certification in tax law.

Enrolled Agent:

  • Passes a comprehensive IRS examination covering all aspects of the tax code or has relevant IRS experience.
  • Must adhere to ethical standards and complete continuing education.

Services Offered:

Tax Attorney:

  • Legal representation in tax disputes and litigation.
  • Handling criminal tax evasion cases.
  • Advising on complex tax issues, especially involving legal implications.

Enrolled Agent:

  • Tax preparation and filing for individuals and businesses.
  • Representation in IRS audits, collections, and appeals.
  • Tax planning and advisory services.

Typical Use Cases:

Tax Attorney:

  • Required in legal disputes with the IRS or other tax authorities.
  • Necessary for criminal cases involving tax fraud or evasion.
  • Advising on complex business transactions and estate planning from a legal perspective.

Enrolled Agent:

  • Ideal for tax preparation and ensuring compliance with tax laws.
  • Representation in non-criminal disputes with the IRS, like audits and appeals.
  • Ongoing tax planning and advice for individuals and businesses.

Training and Focus Areas:

Tax Attorney:

  • Trained in law with a focus on legal aspects of taxation.
  • Expertise in legal interpretation and application of tax laws.

Enrolled Agent:

  • Specialized training in all aspects of taxation.
  • Focused on tax preparation, compliance, and representation before the IRS.
  • Can practice at all levels of the IRS, but cannot represent before the US Tax Court unless they have a USTCP (United States Tax Court Practitioner) designation.¬†However, most tax resolution cases (collections and audits) very seldom end up in Tax Court but are resolved at the Appeals level, where EAs can certainly practice.


Tax Attorney:

  • Typically higher fees due to legal training and the nature of legal representation.

Enrolled Agent:

  • Generally more cost-effective for tax preparation and advisory services.

When to Hire and Enrolled Agent

Enrolled agents (EAs) are highly qualified in various aspects of taxation and are particularly suitable in most standard tax resolution scenarios.

  1. Tax Preparation and Planning: Enrolled agents are experts in tax preparation for both individuals and businesses. They ensure accuracy, compliance, and optimization of tax returns, helping clients take advantage of all available tax benefits and deductions.
  1. IRS Audits and Negotiations: If you’re facing an IRS audit, an enrolled agent can represent you. Their expertise in tax law and negotiation skills can be invaluable in these situations, helping to clarify issues, negotiate settlements, and reduce potential penalties.
  1. Resolving Back Taxes and Penalties: Enrolled agents are adept at navigating the complexities of back taxes and penalties. They can help set up payment plans, negotiate with the IRS, and work towards solutions that are manageable for the taxpayer.

The benefits of hiring an enrolled agent for small businesses and individual taxpayers include:

  • Expertise in Taxation: EAs possess a deep understanding of the tax code and are well-equipped to handle complex tax issues, ensuring that clients receive knowledgeable and accurate tax advice.
  • Cost-Effective Services: Generally, enrolled agents offer more affordable services compared to tax attorneys, making them a cost-effective choice for tax preparation and consultation.
  • Personalized Attention: Enrolled agents often provide more personalized service, especially beneficial for small businesses and individual taxpayers who require tailored tax solutions.
  • Ongoing Support: EAs can offer ongoing support throughout the year, not just during tax season. This continuous engagement allows for better tax planning and can help avoid surprises at tax time.

In summary, for most tax-related needs, especially those not involving legal disputes, an enrolled agent is often the most suitable and cost-effective professional to hire. Their specialized knowledge in tax codes, coupled with their commitment to providing personalized and comprehensive tax services, makes them an invaluable asset for both individuals and businesses.

At Palm Beach Tax Relief, we understand the importance of accurate and efficient tax management. As an enrolled agent, I am committed to providing personalized and expert tax assistance tailored to your unique needs. Whether you’re seeking help with tax preparation, facing an IRS audit, or need advice on tax planning, we are here to help.
Don’t navigate the complexities of tax issues alone. Contact Palm Beach Tax Relief today for reliable, professional, and cost-effective tax assistance. Let us help you achieve peace of mind with your tax matters.